We understand that this information is not new for the relevant ministries and departments. They understand all this, they know all this, right?
Actually, no. The trick is that the people responsible for making these decisions, first, are incompetent, and second, they do not have reliable information. For example, for many years, the local government of Almaty assured us that 80% of pollution came from cars, but when the lockdown happened and measurements showed that air pollution almost did not change, it became obvious to everyone that all this was a lie. They are given superficial, inaccurate data, and based on this data, they make their ineffective and unprofessional decisions. Also, you need to take into account that coal burning, for example (I don't know about in Kyrgyzstan, but in Kazakhstan), is a big business. Coal mines belong to our quasipublic company Samruk Kazyna, which also owns the Almaty power plant. That is, for them, this is an excellent vertical integration: they extract high-ash coal, they sell it, and they burn it. They make money on it, and for them, the exclusion of coal means the loss of a huge share of the profit. Because no-one needs this coal; it is impossible to sell it; it is of such poor quality that no one will buy it. So there are the financial interests of these structures, and then there is the unwillingness to change anything, unwillingness to work; it is convenient for them that it happens the way it happens. Local governments responsible for making decisions are not motivated in any way because it is a very difficult process for them, very problematic, affecting the interests of the oligarchy. They don't need this level of stress; they don't have the motivation to make the city better. We do not elect heads of the local governments; they are appointed. They do not need to be liked by the people of the city; they report only to the president. If you sum it up, the motivation of those who need to make decisions is very low. They just don't need it.